The public transport in Vienna is not alone on the subway. You will find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. There isn’t a precise date for that first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a really complicated system. The first date in the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which can be nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 plus a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is only a a few changing times.
1925 was the year, in which the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified from the town of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places within the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 and in the next years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was known as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last however, not minimal, in 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been around the U4 line for two years.
I am inclined to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification happened some time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 seems to me being acceptable to Vienna subway.
The center of a lifetime
After The second world war, the decission was taken in 1946 to go back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project from the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it was aimed at a town of three or four million inhabitants, and also today isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public places roads was then often solved in support of private transport: As with a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as with other cities. The jobs with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. In these years, there is also a regrettable politicization of the subway question, as the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion from the centrality from the inner city.
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