The public transport in Vienna isn’t alone about the subway. You will find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You do not have a perfect date for your first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It was an extremely complicated system. The first date within the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method that is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 and a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is just a matter of changing times.
1925 was the entire year, the location where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified from the city of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places inside the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the following many years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was termed as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last however, not minimal, in the year 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been about the U4 line for 2 years.
I tend to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification took place a while later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 seems to me being acceptable to Wien Metro.
The Middle of a lifetime
After Wwii, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project of the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it absolutely was aimed at an urban area of three to four million inhabitants, and also today is not in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: As with many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as in other cities. The tasks of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. Over these years, there is also a regrettable politicization of the subway question, as the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion with the centrality of the inner city.
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