People transport in Vienna is not alone about the subway. There are driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You do not have a precise date for your first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was an extremely complicated system. The first date in the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which is nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is just a few changing times.
1925 was the entire year, where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified by the city of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places within the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 plus the next many years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was known as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last however, not minimal, around 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been around the U4 line for two years.
I am inclined to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification happened time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 appears to me being acceptable to Vienna underground map.
The Middle of a lifetime
After The second world war, it was decided in 1946 to come back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it absolutely was directed at an urban area of three or four million inhabitants, and also today just isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: Such as a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as with other cities. The jobs of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. In these years, there was clearly also an unlucky politicization from the subway question, as the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion from the centrality with the inner city.
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